Latin name> Monomorium pharaonis
Length> 1.5 to 5mm
Contrary to what its name might suggest, the Pharaoh ant finds its origins on the Asian continent, and not Egypt. Highly present in Quebec, it is part of the Hymenoptera order and lives in large colonies, which can reach up to 12,000 insects. Harmless to humans, it is no less highly invasive and acquires a resistance to chemicals and baits to rival those of mice… In addition, the Pharaoh ant likes to live indoors in addition to hunting its food there, which makes an infestation highly problematic.
What are the signs of presence of the pharaoh ant?
Building its nest inside dwellings, the Pharaoh ant nevertheless leaves traces of its passage outside. If you notice the appearance of small mounds of earth around it, this is surely a sign of an infestation. Workers, they are detectable by their atypical way of moving, in single file. Their droppings, meanwhile, leave distinct black halos and spots, whether on the floor or on the ceiling. Omnivorous, the species is renowned for its invasions in food packages which should be checked frequently.
How to prevent the appearance of pharaoh ants?
Like a large majority of ant species, the Pharaoh ant loves damp places and accumulations of wood that you will have to avoid. If you have land near your home, choose grass, which will greatly limit their installation. Indoors, it is imperative to fill in every crack and infiltration which are first choice doors for the Pharaoh ant. Finally, keep your food in airtight containers.
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